- A form of immunotherapy that is used to treat ovarian cancer.
- Immunotherapies work by helping the person’s immune system attack the ovarian cancer cells.
- Avastin is an injectable drug
A gastrointestinal condition in which digested material is prevented from passing normally through the bowel. This is the most common complication of patients with ovarian cancer.
The removal of part of the cancerous bowel to reduce the chance of recurrence or cancer development.
BRCA 1 & 2
BRCA stands for Breast Cancer susceptibility gene.
Normally these genes prevent a person from developing cancer. However, sometimes a pathogenic variant in one of these genes can occur which make a person at higher risk to develop breast and ovarian cancer.
- A biomarker expressed by ovarian cancer that can be detected via blood tests.
- A test to measure the amount of CA 125 protein in the blood.
- CA 125 stands for Cancer Antigen 125 and is a protein made in certain cancers.
- The test can be used for early detection of ovarian cancer in high risk individuals but can still miss the disease since there is no accurate test.
- Anyone who provides physical, emotional, spiritual, financial, or logistical support to a loved one with a chronic, disabling, or life threatening illness.
- Often times the caregiver is a family member or friend.
- The surgical removal of the largest part, or ‘bulk’, of a malignant tumor so that what is left can be more easily treated by other means.
- Debulking in ovarian cancer is advised when the cancer has spread throughout the abdomen.
- This surgery does not remove all cancerous cells and may affect other organs, or small parts of other organs may need to be removed.
- Most women stay in the hospital for 3-7 days after the operation.
Epidural is an anesthesia that blocks pain in a particular region of the body. This can be used for ovarian surgeries.
A disease or set of symptoms that run in families.
Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a highly concentrated, heated chemotherapy drug that is delivered directly to the abdomen during surgery and which circulates throughout the body.
During the treatment, the patient’s chest cavity temperature raises to between 105-107.6° F.
This treatments is used to treat tumors too advanced for surgical removal but remain confined to a single organ or region of the body.
A home providing care for the sick, especially for the terminally ill.
Hospice can included services provided to sick individuals in their own home.
HPV, or the Human Papillomavirus, is the most common sexually transmitted infection.
Infection causes warts in various parts of the body depending on the strain of the virus and the site of infection.
HPV can be prevented with a vaccination, but some types can lead to cervical cancer.
Immunotherapy is the treatment of disease by activating or suppressing a person’s immune system.
In regards to ovarian cancer, the body’s immune system is activated to target the cancer cells in ovaries.
A method of receiving an ovarian cancer treatment – either immunotherapy or chemotherapy – that involves an IV.
A surgical incision into the abdominal cavity, for ovarian cancer diagnosis or preparation for ovarian surgery.
Leak (after surgery)
After the removal of cancerous cells from the intestines, which can be done to prevent ovarian cancer recurrence, there can be leakage after surgery.
The risk is 1%-26% and can be life threatening.
Possible symptoms include:
Rapid heart rate,
Decreased urine output, and
Low blood pressure.
The removal of lymph nodes to prevent cancer from spreading to other parts of the body.
A genetic condition that can lead to a high risk of multiple cancers, including ovarian, colorectal, endometrial, stomach, small bowel, liver, urinary tract, brain and skin cancer.
Metastasis is the term for cancer when it spreads to a different part of the body.
This usually occurs when the tumor breaks apart and travels through the bloodstream.
For example, someone with ovarian cancer may develop liver cancer as well.
Neuropathy is a side effect of radiation or chemotherapy.
It is a nerve disorder that can cause weakness, numbness, tingling and pain.
Symptoms usually persist, but may lessen.
There are treatments available to help manage symptoms.
Specialized medical care given to the terminally ill to keep them comfortable.
A medical cervical screen in which cervical cells are biopsied and analyzed for the presence of cancerous cells.
PARP is a targeted cancer therapy that inhibits the PARP protein in ovarian cancer cells.
By inhibiting PARP within ovarian cancer cells, it is very hard for tumor cells to survive.
Pathogenic Variant (formerly mutation)
A pathogenic variant is a mistake or a change in a person’s DNA.
For instance, in ovarian cancer, some people inherit the BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 pathogenic variant.
The peritoneal cavity is the lining of the abdomen, in rare cases these cells can become cancerous.
When these cells metastasize, they can cause ovarian cancer.
A device that creates an access point in the chest, pelvis or arm in which blood can be sampled or drugs delivered.
In the case of ovarian cancer, recurrence is when the cancer cells have returned.
- A cancer survivor is a person with cancer of any type, including ovarian cancer, who is still living.
- TEAL’s definition of an Ovarian Cancer Survivor: an “Amazing Lady” who at any time in her life has been diagnosed with Ovarian Cancer whether she is currently a patient in treatment or cancer free. It could have been yesterday or 50 years ago.
Ultrasound-guided surgery that is used to remove ovaries or ovarian tumors.
An anti-cancer chemotherapy drug used to treat ovarian cancer.
T-cells are immune cells, often called white blood cells, which will attack ovarian cancer cells in the body.
Types of ovarian cancer
- An epithelial tumor, occurring in 90% of ovarian tumors, involve a thin layer of tissue that surrounds the ovaries.
- A germ cell tumor, which occurs in 5% of ovarian tumors, are tumors of the internal eggs.
- A stromal carcinoma tumor, which occurs in 5% of ovarian tumors, are tumors of the external eggs.
- Small cell carcinoma of the ovary (SCCO), which occurs in 0.1% of ovarian cancers, can affect multiple organ systems.